The Indo Author Tjalie Robinson. Pioneer of a Multiracial Identity in the American Sixties
(Jeroen Dewulf) The Low Countries – 2017, № 25, pp. 124-133
While myriads of multiracial societies have developed throughout American history, it is generally assumed that the conscious framing of a mixed-racial American identity is a recent phenomenon that started in the late 1970s. It is not well-know that The American Tong Tong, founded in California in 1962 by the Dutch Eurasian ‘Indo’ writer Tjalie Robinson (1911-1974), was probably the first magazine in the United States to consciously advocate a multiracial identity. However, Robinson’s ambition to pass Indo culture and identity over to the next generation was largely abandoned by Indos in America. What remains is Robinson’s written legacy with a fascinating wealth of ideas about identity issues that only long after his death achieved prominence in Dutch and American society.
The article you want to access is behind a paywall. You can purchase this article or subscribe to access all the low countries articles.